كتابة النص: الأستاذ الدكتور يوسف أبو العدوس - جامعة جرش قراءة النص: الدكتور أحمد أبو دلو - جامعة اليرموك مونتاج وإخراج : الدكتور محمد أبوشقير، حمزة الناطور، علي ميّاس تصوير : الأستاذ أحمد الصمادي الإشراف العام: الأستاذ الدكتور يوسف أبو العدوس
فيديو بمناسبة الإسراء والمعراج - إحتفال كلية الشريعة بجامعة جرش 2019 - 1440
فيديو بمناسبة ذكرى المولد النبوي الشريف- مونتاج وإخراج الدكتور محمد أبوشقير- كلية تكنولوجيا المعلومات
التميز في مجالات التعليم والبحث العلمي، وخدمة المجتمع، والارتقاء لمصاف الجامعات المرموقة
محليا واقليميا وعالميا.
المساهمة في بناء مجتمع المعرفة وتطوره من خلال إيجاد بيئة جامعية، وشراكة مجتمعية محفزة للابداع،
وحرية الفكر والتعبير، ومواكبة التطورات التقنية في مجال التعليم، ومن ثم رفد المجتمع بما يحتاجه من
موارد بشرية مؤهلة وملائمة لاحتياجات سوق العمل.
تلتزم الجامعة بترسيخ القيم الجوهرية التالية:
الإلتزام الإجتماعي والأخلاقي، الإنتماء،العدالة والمساواة، الإبداع، الجودة والتميّز، الشفافية والمحاسبة، الحرية المنظبطة والمستقبلية.
B.Sc. in pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan, 1995. Graduated with an excellent average, GPA = 86%
involved the use of a multi-station tableting machine. In addition, solubility and dissolution profiles of these salts were characterized.
At the University of Iowa, for l semester as Teaching Assistant for Quantitative Research Methods of Analysis Lab for graduate students. This lab is designed for teaching the students how to run experiments on different instruments. Ten different methods of analysis were discussed in this lab.
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Chitosan is a natural, biocompatible polymer. The aim of this work was to study the influence of drug solubility in 2% v/v acetic acid, formulation parameters, on mean hydrodynamic (MHD) diameters and drug entrapment efficiencies (% EE) into chitosan-TPP nanoparticles (NPs). Drugs of different aqueous solubilities with nearly similar molecular weights were chosen and admixed at several concentrations in 2% acetic acid at different chitosan concentrations and at fixed chitosan to TPP concentrations/volumes ratios. The NPs were freeze-dried, and the supernatants were utilized to determine % EE. Theophylline- and antipyrine-loaded NPs showed the best short-term physical stability in terms of MHD diameters. Antipyrine-loaded NPs possessed the larger MHD diameters, while vitamin C–loaded NPs showed the smallest ones. The relationships between the ratio of drug concentration relative to their solubilities in acetic acid were almost linear for antipyrine and vitamin C–loaded NPs when plotted against and the MHD diameters of NPs, and linear for antipyrine- and theophylline-loaded NPs when plotted against % EE with antipyrine NPs possessing the highest % EE. However, vitamin C– and propylthiouracil-loaded NPs exhibited curvilinear patterns with comparatively lower % EE. The concentration of chitosan, drug solubility in dispersion medium, and the ratio of the concentration of admixed drug relative to its solubility in dispersion medium were found critical in determining % EE and MHD diameters of NPs. It was evident that drugs with extremely low or high solubilities in dispersion medium resulted in low % EE when admixed at both low and high concentrations.
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a ternary mixture of smart polymers comprised of Eudragit®E100, Eudragit®L100, and sodium alginate to serve as a carrier for sustained drug release for weakly basic drugs. The model drug chosen in this part of the study is Metronidazole.Methods: Matrix tablet formulations were prepared by either direct compression or by wet granulation. Dissolution studies were conducted using USP XXΠ rotating paddle apparatus in three different consecutive stages (pH 1.2, 4.8, and 6.8). Tablets made of low to intermediate proportions of sodium alginate and approximately equal proportions of Eudragit®E100 and Eudragit®L100 were found to have a significant modification of drug release rates.Results: Thus, indicating a potential for controlling the drug release for 12 hours depending on polymers ratios in the formulation. The ratio of sodium alginate to total Eudragit® polymers and the ratio of Eudragit®E100 to Eudragit®L100 within the ternary polymeric composition were found critical in determining the controlled release performance.Conclusion: Results of swelling studies were in agreement with the dissolution behaviors of the tablets. The findings suggest the significance of the ternary polymeric compositions in controlling the release of a weakly basic drug, Metronidazole.
To investigate the practice of tablet splitting and the frequency of using different techniques for tablet splitting at outpatient pharmacies in Jordan.
A structured questionnaire was used to interview adult patients who were prescribed at least one medication in a half-tablet dosage at two main outpatient pharmacies in the north of Jordan.
A total of 491 patients were interviewed. The most commonly split medication was aspirin 325 mg (38.1%) followed by warfarin 5 mg (3.3%). The most common reason for tablet splitting was physician's order (41.2%). Additionally, (24.0%) of respondents sometimes skipped their doses due to tablet splitting difficulties. The majority of participants (n = 312, 63.5%) used their hands to split tablets. More than a tenth of the participants discarded parts of their tablets when splitting did not result in equal parts from their perspective.
Tablet splitting practice resulted in drug waste and medication non-adherence. Pharmacists are encouraged to educate other healthcare providers and patients about the practice of tablet splitting and when it is acceptable and when it is not.
Introduction: The use of self-medication represents a health problem among university students. Aim: This study aimed to explored the self-medication phenomenon among university students. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design and self-reported questionnaire, data were collected from 150 university students. Results: Use of self-medication was reported by 69.3% of the students. The most frequent medications used were analgesics (61.3%), cold & cough medications (58%) and antibiotics (56.7%), with the most common health conditions for self-medication being headaches (64.7%), colds and flu (62.7%), and fever (52.0%). The ease of access to medication (36.0%), advice from friends (32.7%), lack of time to consult physicians (27.3%), long waiting times for treatment (26.7%), hospital medications do not work (20.0%), and the hospital or clinic is very far away (18.7%) were reported by the students as reasons leading to self-medication. The most common sources for self-medication were pharmacies (58.7%), and available in home (49.3%), and hospital (31.3%). Conclusion: The use of self-medication is high among university students. Therefore, decision makers should pay more attention to this phenomenon and more education sessions should be given to youth to draw their attention to the possible negative effects of self-medication.
Tableting by direct compression (DC) is one of the simplest and most cost-effective drug manufacturing approaches. However, most active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and excipients lack the compression and flow properties required to meet the needs of high-speed industrial tablet presses. Therefore, the majority of DC APIs and excipients are modified via processing/co-processing particle engineering techniques to boost their properties. Spray drying is one of the most commonly employed techniques to prepare DC grades of APIs and excipients with prominent advantages. This review aims to present an overview of the commercially marketed and investigationally-prepared DC APIs and excipients produced by spray drying.
In this work, the tabletability and dissolution of spray-dried forms of naproxen and its sodium salt were compared with those of unprocessed drugs. Solutions of naproxen or naproxen sodium alone or with HPMC (5% w/w of drug content) were spray dried. Scanning electron micrographs showed that naproxen sodium spray-dried particles were spherical, whereas those of naproxen were non-spherical but isodiametric. Powder x-ray diffraction and thermal analysis indicated that co-spray drying with HPMC resulted in reduced crystallinity of naproxen and higher naproxen sodium dihydrate content. FTIR and Raman analysis showed shifting, merging or elimination of bands in the spectra of the co-spray dried products signifying solid-state alterations. When mixed with suitable processing aids (7% w/w), all co-spray dried powders produced satisfactory tablets in the pressure range 73–295 MPa. Conversely, physical mixtures of naproxen compressed with the same aids failed tableting, whereas naproxen sodium produced weak tablets. Dissolution tests showed significant improvement for co-spray dried drugs tablets. Therefore, since the large therapeutic doses of naproxen and sodium naproxen limit the use of tableting aids, the improved compaction and dissolution performance of the spray-dried forms may be a formulation alternative.
To determine the accuracy, variability, and weight uniformity of tablet subdivision techniques utilized to divide the tablets of five drug products that are commonly prescribed for use as half tablets in Jordan.
Ten random tablets of five commonly subdivided drug products were weighed and subdivided using three subdivision techniques: hand breaking, kitchen knife, and tablet cutter. The five commonly subdivided drug products (warfarin 5 mg, levothyroxine 50 μg, levothyroxine 100 μg, candesartan 16 mg, and carvedilol 25 mg) were weighed. The weights were analyzed for acceptance, accuracy, and variability. Weight variation acceptance criteria were adopted in this work as a tool to indicate the properness of the subdivision techniques used to produce acceptable half tablets. Other relevant physical characteristics of the five products such as tablet shape, dimensions, face curvature, score depth, and crushing strength were measured.
All tablets were round in shape, had weights that ranged between 100.63 mg (standard deviation=0.99) and 379.04 mg (standard deviation=3.00), and had crushing strengths that ranged between 23.29 N (standard deviation=3.58)and 103.35 N (standard deviation=14.98). Both candesartan and carvedilol were bi-convex in shape with an extent of face curvature equal to about 33%. In addition, percentage score depth of the tablets had a range between 0% and 24%. The accuracy and variability of subdivision varied according to the subdivision technique used and tablet characteristics. Accuracy range was between 81% and 109.8%. Moreover, the relative standard deviation was between 1.5% and 17.4%. Warfarin 5 mg subdivided tablets failed the weight variation test regardless of the subdivision technique used. Subdivision by hand produced half tablets that were acceptable for levothyroxine 50 μg and levothyroxine 100 μg. Subdivision by knife produced half tablets that were acceptable only for candesartan tablets. However, the tablet cutter produced half tablets that passed the weight variation test for four out of the five drug products tested in this study.
The tablet cutter performed better than the other subdivision techniques used. It produced half tablets that passed the weight uniformity test for four drug products out of the five.
Paracetamol solid state has three known polymorphic forms; monoclinic form (Form I), orthorhombic form (Form II) and Form III. In this work Form II was successfully produced in appreciable quantities by controlled crystallization of melted Form I. The moisture content of both forms stored for 3 weeks at 25 °C at different relative humidity conditions was investigated. It was found that neither form acquires any significant amount of moisture in any of the storage conditions. The results showed that Form II is stable for 3 weeks of storage at relative humidities of 23%, 43%, and 58%. Work of compression, work of decompression, plasticity index (ψ), and elastic energy/plastic energy (EE/PE) ratio associated with the compaction of both forms were determined at maximum applied compression forces of 35 kN, 27 kN, 18 kN, 11 kN, and 5 kN. It was found that both forms have high magnitude of elastic energy recovery during decompression. Moreover, it was found that for generating compacts of equal volumes of the two forms the plasticity index is larger for Form II and the EE/PE ratio is larger for Form I.
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