كتابة النص: الأستاذ الدكتور يوسف أبو العدوس - جامعة جرش قراءة النص: الدكتور أحمد أبو دلو - جامعة اليرموك مونتاج وإخراج : الدكتور محمد أبوشقير، حمزة الناطور، علي ميّاس تصوير : الأستاذ أحمد الصمادي الإشراف العام: الأستاذ الدكتور يوسف أبو العدوس
فيديو بمناسبة الإسراء والمعراج - إحتفال كلية الشريعة بجامعة جرش 2019 - 1440
فيديو بمناسبة ذكرى المولد النبوي الشريف- مونتاج وإخراج الدكتور محمد أبوشقير- كلية تكنولوجيا المعلومات
التميز في مجالات التعليم والبحث العلمي، وخدمة المجتمع، والارتقاء لمصاف الجامعات المرموقة
محليا واقليميا وعالميا.
المساهمة في بناء مجتمع المعرفة وتطوره من خلال إيجاد بيئة جامعية، وشراكة مجتمعية محفزة للابداع،
وحرية الفكر والتعبير، ومواكبة التطورات التقنية في مجال التعليم، ومن ثم رفد المجتمع بما يحتاجه من
موارد بشرية مؤهلة وملائمة لاحتياجات سوق العمل.
تلتزم الجامعة بترسيخ القيم الجوهرية التالية:
الإلتزام الإجتماعي والأخلاقي، الإنتماء،العدالة والمساواة، الإبداع، الجودة والتميّز، الشفافية والمحاسبة، الحرية المنظبطة والمستقبلية.
يحمل الدكتور علي الشرفات شهادة الدكتوراه في الاقتصاد الزراعي وإدارة الأعمال الزراعية من الجامعة الأردنية (2002/2003)، وهو يعمل في جامعة جرش منذ عام 2008، ويحمل الآن رتبة أستاذ من نفس الجامعة منذ كانون الأول 2018. إضافة لعمله كعضو هيئة تدريس في الجامعة عمل الدكتور علي كمدير لمركز الاستشارات في الجامعة (2012-2016) ومنسقا لمشروع التغير المناخي الممول من الاتحاد الأوروبي (2013-2016)، وعمل مشرفا على مكتب الجودة في كلية الزراعة (2009-2012). أهم اهتمامات الدكتور علي البحثية تتعلق بالأداء المالي الزراعي والاقتصاد الجزئي والتنمية الاقتصادية والتأمين الزراعي والمخاطر الزراعية والتغير المناخي وما يتعلق بهذه المجالات من عناوين فرعية. للدكتور علي 29 بحثا منشورا في مجلات علمية محكمة، وقام بتأليف 14 كتاب ما بين كتب تدريسية وكتب عامة، وله ما يزيد عن 40 من الدراسات الاستشارية ومقترحات مشروعات والتقارير. يشارك الدكتور علي زملاؤه في قسم الاقتصاد الزراعي وفي قسم التغير المناخي والزراعة المستدامة والأمن الغذائي في الاشراف على الرسائل الجامعية الخاصة بطلبة الماجستير في القسم داخل الجامعة، إضافة إلى أنه عضو لجنة مناقشة لمجموعة من الرسائل الجامعية على مستوى الماجستير خارج الجامعة. كما أن له مجموعة من المقالات في جريدة الرأي وفي مجلة المهندس الزراعي، وله نشاط كمقيم لبعض الدراسات في مجلات علمية محكمة، وهو يتقن اللغة الإنجليزية بطلاقة.
1998 - 2002
PhD in Agricultural Economics & Agribusiness. University of Jordan,
Faculty of Graduate Studies.
1994 - 1996
Master in Animal Production & Protection. University of Jordan,
Faculty of Graduate Studies).
1978 - 1982
Bachelor in Animal Production & Protection. University of Jordan,
Faculty of Agriculture.
October 2008 - Ongoing
Jerash Private University – Jerash: Academic Staff Member.
March 2007 - September 2008
Jana for Consultancy and Studies – Amman: Researcher & Consultant.
October 2006 - March 2007
Jordan International Police Training Center (JIPTC)-Amman:
January 2006 - July 2006
Balqa Applied University, Qurtoba Private Community Girls
College: Part time Lecturer.
March 2003 – August 2004
Ministry of Education, Jordan, Principal of Vocational Secondary
August 1999 - March 2003
Ministry of Education, Jordan: Coordinator, teacher and trainer
in Agricultural Section in Vocational Secondary School.
December 1986 - August 1999
Teacher of General Sciences (Biology, Chemistry and physics).
January 1986 -
Private Veterinary Company; Sales Representative.
January 1985 -January 1986
Not attending any job.
January 1983 - January 1985
Jordanian Armed Forces.
In agribusiness, broiler farms capacity is considered to be a very important factor in determining the profitability of these farms in developing countries. The main objective of this study was to introduce a comparative analysis of different broiler farm capacities in Jordan to determine the best viable capacity to be adopted. A total of 21, 72, and 7 producers were interviewed representing small, medium, and large farms respectively. A structured questionnaire was designed to obtain information from respondents. The Net Present Value (NPV), the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and the Benefits-Costs ratio (B/C) were the discounted financial indicators used to achieve the goals of the study. The results of the study revealed that all the financial indicators used were economically acceptable in the medium and large size broiler production capacities. The NPV for these two capacities was positive and acceptable (23437 and 55880 JDs respectively). The benefits of these two capacities outweighed the actual costs that went in the project. For small farms, the NPV value was negative indicating non viable type of business compared to the other two capacities. Each money unit invested in small farms will cause a loss of 12.8 units (IRR=-12.8%). On the other hand, each money unit invested in medium and large farms will provide returns higher of about 22% than the costs paid (IRR= almost 22% for both). The payback for these two capacities was 1.06 times the costs meaning that for every unit of cost the project will get 1.06 units of gain. Adoption of medium to large broiler farm capacities in Jordan is recommended by this study.
A 2x2x2 factorial experiment was conducted to determine the effect of phytase enzyme, citric acid or both at two levels of calcium on the performance and egg shell quality of Lohman Brown-Classic laying hens. Eight dietary Treatments (T) consisted of the corn-SBM basal diets were fed to seventy two birds from the 23rd to 38th week of age. T1 (Treatment 1) contained 3.8% calcium, T2 contained 3.8% Ca + 300 FTU, T3 contained 3.8 Ca% + 2.5% citric acid, T4 contained 3.8% Ca + 300 FTU + 2.5% citric acid, T5 contained 2.6% calcium, T6 contained 2.6% Ca + 300 FTU (T7) contained 2.6% Ca + 2.5% citric acid and T8 contained 2.6% Ca + 300 FTU + 2.5% citric acid. All diets were standardized at 0.11% NPP (total phosphorus: 0.33%). The performance criteria for evaluating the effect of dietary treatments were egg production, egg weight, egg mass, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, body weight, tibia ash, calcium in tibia ash, phosphorus in tibia ash, shell percentage and egg shell density. After the performance trial termination, the digest from the crop and the proximal small intestine was obtained from each hen and the total phosphorus disappearance was calculated using TiO2 as an indigestible marker. All the investigated performance parameters except feed intake and phosphorus in tibia ash were depressed by feeding 2.6% calcium compared with 3.8% calcium. Feed conversion ratio and phosphorus in tibia ash were increased by adding citric acid, whereas, body weight and feed intake were decreased. Phytase supplementation significantly increased tibia ash and calcium in tibia ash. Microbial phytase in combination with citric acid has no effect on the performance parameters and egg shell quality of laying hens fed a corn-SBM diet containing 2.6% Calcium. High dietary calcium (3.8%) decreased phosphorus disappearance of the crop contents compared to 2.6% Ca. This study also indicated that the main site of microbial phytase activity in the digestive tract of laying hens is in the crop.
This study has been conducted to discuss the present marketing margins of broiler production in Jordan. The associated problems during broiler marketing and potential solutions, as well as marketing channels, were also discussed. Results of the study show that marketing system of poultry in Jordan is traditional in nature. The total marketing margin of middlemen was 0.04 JDs. Out of this, total marketing cost was 0.01 JDs per 1 kg and the net margin was 0.03 JDs per 1 kg. On an average, marketing cost of the retailer was 0.09 JDs, whereas the marketing margin was 0.07 JDs. The share of intermediaries (Middlemen + retailers) was about 51%, which is almost equal to that for the producer. The study revealed that middlemen were exploiting poultry producers by exhorting a large portion of consumer’s rupee. Therefore, producers were not getting remuneration according to the value of their products. Minimizing role of middlemen, providing marketing information to producers, strengthening marketing infrastructure. Government intervention is a suggested approach. A number of government broiler outlets to the consumers could be part of the solution. Government should also take initiatives to develop laws which can allow producers to sell their products directly in market. Finding means of direct linkages between producers and consumers will provide chance to producers to understand consumer’s behavior. This will end better circumstances in broiler marketing process. Encouraging investment to develop infrastructure is so important to develop broiler industry in Jordan. The provision of credit to the bird growers will allow them to reach directly to the retailers and could kick the commission agents out of the process.
Problem statement: Layer hen enterprises suffer from low profitability or losses in many of developing countries all over the world. Jordan is not an acceptance. Approach: This study aimed at investigating the influence of ten main factors affecting the profitability of layer hen producers. The investigated factors include price of purchased pullet, feed price, cost of labor, cost of veterinary service and medicine, building and machinery depreciation, repairs and maintenance and miscellaneous costs, length of production cycle, feed conversion ratio, mortality rate, egg sale price and laying percentage. Results: The study used a multiple regression profit model to estimate the effect of the above mentioned factors on profit per kg egg produced. The direction and quantity of relationship between profit per kg egg and variables affecting profit were investigated. Data from 40 operating and randomly selected egg production enterprises in the country was collected. Data was obtained directly from the producers during April to mid August 2010. Semi structured interviews were conducted with a pre-tested questionnaire. The data obtained via interview surveys were processed to calculate profit per kg egg and other relevant information for inclusion in a profit function model. Fifteen eggs are registered to be 1 kg in the study. Cost and income items used to calculate profit in the study. The results of the study revealed that the feed price was found to be the factor which has the highest negative impact on the profitability showing the coefficient-3.01. The egg sale price was with high positive impact on profitability showing the coefficient 2.633. Conclusion/Recommendations: From the results of the study it could be concluded that higher prices of purchased or breeding pullet, higher feed price, higher cost of labor, higher cost of veterinary service and medicine, higher other costs including building and machinery depreciation, repairs and maintenance and miscellaneous costs, higher feed quantity to be converted to eggs and higher mortality rate are associated with lower profitability of laying hen enterprises, while higher length of production cycle, higher egg sale price and higher laying percentage are associated with higher profitability. Critical limits indicated for various cost components should be used as a guideline to adjust budget in commercial egg operation thereby, ensuring higher net profit per bird.
Problem statement: Farmers's participation in extension activities is one of the most important issues facing extension providers in Jordan. The determination of the reasons that prevent farmers from participation in some extension activities is another problem. This study was conducted to evaluate the level of vegetables farmers’ participation in agricultural extension activities in the Dear Alla area of Jordan and to investigate the reasons that prevent farmers’ participation in agricultural extension activities. Approach: The study investigated farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics, extension activities, farmers’ opinion concerning the activities and the degree of participation of farmers regarding the conducted activities. The study was conducted to cover the Dear Alla area. The dear Alla area is one of the most important vegetable production areas of the Jordan Valley. The population of this study included all the vegetable farmers in this area. Results: The sample obtained through the simple random sampling technique. A total number of 320 vegetable farmers were selected. A structured questionnaire was designed to obtain information from farmers. The questionnaire consisted of two main parts; the first part was related to personal and socioeconomic characteristics of the sample individuals. The second part was related to extension activities. Conclusion/Recommendations: High, medium and low levels of interviews farmers’ participation in agricultural extension activities were noticed. Three activities resembled 43% of the total investigated activities (7 activities) were high in the degree of farmers’ satisfaction indicating high levels of farmers’ participants. Other three activities were with medium level and also resembled 43% of the total investigated activities. The remaining activity was low in participation and resembled 14% of the total investigated activities. The date of the activity is not suitable for farmers and the preoccupation with another concern or job resembled 60% of the reasons for farmers not to participate in agricultural extension activities. The other three reasons: (Does not know the date of activity, unwillingness to participate and activities do not meet their needs) resembled the remaining 40% of the reasons for the interviewed farmers not to participate. In the light of the findings of the study extension activities should be planned with full involvement of farmers to increase their level of participation and using local leaders as contact farmers could enhance farmer participation and will be beneficial in this regard.
Problem statement: Jordan’s agricultural extension service is seriously under-staffed and its effectiveness is consequently compromised. Reservations are being expressed about the performance and capability of the agricultural extension system in Jordan. The performance of this sector has been disappointing and has failed to transfer agricultural technology to the farmers. The main objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of Jordan’s agricultural extension services. Approach: The effect of extension services on olive productivity in the study area was investigated. A total number of 60 olive producers were selected to be interviewed for this study. This number was enough to achieve the study objectives. The interviewed producers were distributed almost equally within olive production locations in the study area. The sample obtained through the simple random sampling technique. The two groups had been chosen and distributed randomly into an experimental group (30 farmers; 10 for each source of extension service) and control group (30 farmers). The experimental group received extension services and the control group received no extension services. Two interview-cum-structured questionnaires were designed and used to collect information and data for this study. The first instrument was designed for farmers who received extension services and the second from farmers who received no extension services. Another questionnaire was designed for administrators of extension organizations concerned with providing extension services to farmers. To find the differences that may exist between two studied groups, One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), t-test and LSD test via Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS) were used. The average net profit obtained from an area of one dynamo of olive farm was the main item to be considered in determining the effectiveness of agricultural extension activities. Results and Conclusion: The results of the study revealed that the net profit of farmers who received extension services is almost the same as those who do not receive any extension services. The provided extension services made no difference in the achievement of farmers regarding their production and consequently their net profits. The three main investigated sources of extension services provide inadequate and less effective extension services. To overcome most of the obstacles facing extension programs in Jordan the government should impart extensive in-service agricultural trainings to train the extension personnel to cope with the growing needs of farmers. The establishment of field demonstration sites, pilot sites on farmers’ fields around the demonstrations is another important issues to be covered.
Among vegetable farmers in Jordan, there are conflicting attitudes towards the extension activities provided by the public sector. Some farmers accept and adopt the recommendations of these activities; on the other hand, some people are not satisfied and consider these activities a waste of time for both the farmers and the government. This situation has serious impacts on the quality, duration and efficiency of the extension activities provided by government related agencies. Also, the situation will end in providing low-quality agricultural extension services to the farmers or providing these services in a non-productive manner. The actual attitudes of vegetable farmers towards Public Agricultural Extension Services (PAES) in the Dear Alla Area of Jordan were investigated in this study. A total of 80 vegetable farmers were selected for the study. A questionnaire consisting of two main parts was used for data collection; the first part was related to personal and socio-economic characteristics of the sample individuals. The second part was related to extension activities. A five-point Likerttype scale was used as an instrument to gather primary data. The farmers rated their attitudes toward Public Agricultural Extension Services (PAES) through 10 statements related carefully to the Public Agricultural Extension Services. Data analysis was done in two sections, consisting of data description and data inferential analysis. The results of the study revealed that the farmers’ overall attitude towards the public agricultural extension activities was negative. The farmers’ attitudes according to age, experience, educational level and frequency and type of contact with public extension services were also negative. The negative attitude of the participant farmers towards the Public Agricultural Extension Services means that the farmers were not satisfied with these services. Identifying the sources and types of public extension programs, the provision of legal and policy framework, farmer’ participation, the determination of public extension functions, providing skilled manpower and networking and enhancing the capabilities of public extension service providers may aid in changing the farmers’ attitudes towards the Public agricultural extension services to be positive.
The aim of this study was to evaluate producers' attitude towards livestock insurance in Jordan. A 100 broiler producers were surveyed. All the country governorates were resembled in the sample. The collected data covered an average of six production cycles with an average of 7500 birds per cycle. Producers' attitudes regarding livestock insurance was measured by producers ratings on a Likert-type scale. Five point Likert type scale with ratings on a 10 item Likert-type questions was used. The ratings ranged from 1-5 (strongly agree). A numerical value was assigned to each potential choice and a mean figure for all the responses was computed. The final average score represents overall level of broiler producers' attitude toward livestock insurance in Jordan. Results revealed that the producers' overall mean score for attitude was 3.31, indicating a positive attitude toward the adoption of livestock insurance. The results revealed a strong relationship between the preference of the producers that the livestock insurance should not be compulsory and the importance of livestock insurance in helping the damaged producers with the acceptance of livestock insurance by the broiler producers. The expected effect of livestock insurance in reducing the producers stress, the awareness of the broiler producers about livestock insurance benefits, the producers' considerations of livestock insurance as a personal savings, the expected effect of livestock insurance to protect against future fluctuations in production and the expected benefits of livestock insurance to provide equal protection among broiler producers are very important factors in enhancing the positive attitude of the producers toward livestock insurance. Results revealed that producers had a positive attitude towards livestock insurance.
This study was conducted to introduce a comparative economic analysis of sheep production systems in Jordan. A total of 156, 28 and 16 stockowners adopting transhumant, mixed farming and nomadic sheep production systems, respectively, were interviewed. A structured questionnaire was designed to obtain information from respondents about socio-economic profiles, total variable costs, annual revenues, net income, and animal productivity. Three important and traditional discounted financial indicators were used in the study, the Net Present Value (NPV), the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and the Benefits-Costs ratio (B/C). The results showed that all the indicators used in the study were acceptable in the three investigated sheep production systems. The NPV for the nomadic production system was highest according to the net cash flows estimated in the study. It was positive and acceptable. The IRR for this system was 166 % and the B/C approximately 2. These values indicated that the nomadic sheep production system in Jordan is the most profitable one compared to the other two systems. The transhumant production system is in the second place and the mixed farming system is the last one. Profitability of the nomadic system is affected by the presence of the proper strategies to decrease costs of production and to increase income. Feed expenses for the flock in this system are minimal. Full dependence on natural resources, a minimum amount of supplemental feeding, and the limited demand for inputs are major reasons for this system to be more profitable than the other two sheep production systems.
Assessing economic sustainability is crucial to measure livestock enterprise success. This study is aimed at assessing the economic sustainability of broiler enterprises in Jordan. To achieve the goals of this study, 94 broiler farms were surveyed. A multi-stage sampling technique, descriptive statistics, and simple economic analysis were adopted. The investigated farms’ economic viability, which is the best indication for sustainability, is measured through profitability, liquidity and productivity indicators. The values of the economic sustainability indicators used in this study to assess profitability, liquidity, and productivity showed that the broiler sector in Jordan is economically viable and sustainable. Investors in livestock activities in Jordan are advised to invest in the broiler industry as it is with high economic sustainability.
يرجى مراجعة السيرة الذاتية
الإقتصاد والإرشاد الزراعي
علي جدوع الشرفات
اسم عضو هيئة التدريس
المواد التي يدرسها
مبادئ الإقتصاد الزراعي
17:00 – 18:30
8:00 – 11:00
All Rights Reseved © 2023 - Developed by: Prof. Mohammed M. Abu Shquier Editor: Ali Mayyas